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Responsibility for safeguarding intellectual property rights is distributed among numerous institutions. The State Office of Industrial Property governs patents, trademarks, service marks, designs, models, and samples. A very small unit within the Ministry of Culture administers the protection of authors’ rights and other related rights (e.g., music, film, television).
Creating the trade park required an amendment to the North Macedonian constitution, because of the “nearly total exclusion of this zone from the legal order of the state,” noted the Venice Commission, the Council of Europe’s legal advisory group. “We are not affiliated with any government persons current or previous in Macedonia,” she added. While those details were hidden from the public, even the scant information that was known at the time was enough to cause Turkish citizenship 250.000 USD serious concern. While Khan died before taking the stand, Accounts Centre was later penalised in a separate trial for this transaction. In January 2016, a High Court bankruptcy judge ordered the Formations House sister company refund the 160,000 pounds, as the fee did not reflect the commercial value of the shell companies. British authorities charged Formations House founder Nadeem Khan in April 2014 with alleged involvement in a 100-million-euro fraud case.
X And Y V North Macedonia: A Missed Opportunity To Improve The Case Law On Anti
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“It is a key moment in which the country can show it is going down the path of rule of law and not reverting to political deal-making,” said Sally Broughton, spokeswoman for the OSCE’s Skopje mission. In the latest development, North Macedonia’s government has endorsed a draft law on the control of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, which regulates the export of dried cannabis flowers in line with EU rules, it said on July 19. Previously, while the use of medical cannabis had been legalised, the law did not allow exports of cannabis flowers. ICLG – Data Protection Laws and Regulations – covers common issues including relevant legislation and competent authorities, territorial scope, key principles, individual rights, registration formalities, appointment of a data protection officer and processors – in 34 jurisdictions. Medical abortion pills – recognised by the WHO as being the safest method in early stages of pregnancy – will be introduced for the first time. Medical abortion care will be available at the primary level of health care as well as in hospitals, making it available in more cities and towns.
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The Netherlands attaches great importance to the rule of law, and therefore actively contributes to the further improvement in this field in North Macedonia. However, serious challenges to doing business in North Macedonia remain, including the country’s opaque tendering process, weak judicial system, and significant levels of corruption. Political risk insurance and project financing have been available to investors in North Macedonia since 1996, first through OPIC and now through the DFC. The DFC focuses on debt financing, political risk insurance, equity investment, and supporting private equity investment funds. MIGA provides investment guarantees against certain non-commercial risks (i.e., political risk insurance) to eligible foreign investors who make qualified investments in developing member countries. The government does not require private companies to establish internal codes of conduct prohibiting bribery of public officials.
Most international organisations adopted the same convention along with over 100 UN members and four of the five permanent UN Security Council members. In the period between 1991 and 2019, the country’s name was an ongoing issue in bilateral and international relations. The UN set up a negotiating process with a mediator, Matthew Nimetz, and the two parties to try to mediate the dispute. Following the ratification of the Prespa agreement, most major international organisations welcomed the settlement of the long-standing dispute, and adopted the country’s new name. In a more classical approach, opposability simply means that a legal subject is bound by a rule or act of international law. For instance, as mentioned above, a rule of customary international law is opposable erga omnes, i.e. it is binding all States.
When Greece imposed a trade embargo on the Republic in 1994–95, the economy was also affected. Some relief was afforded by the end of the Bosnian War in November 1995 and the lifting of the Greek embargo, but the Kosovo War of 1999 and the 2001 turkish citizenship by investment Albanian crisis caused further destabilisation. Most of the current municipalities were unaltered or merely amalgamated from the previous 123 municipalities established in September 1996; others were consolidated and their borders changed.
In 2020, three reports related to trafficking in persons were received and referred to the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Task Force for investigation, and government authorities identified six minor victims of trafficking. The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Task Force used Section 418-d of the Criminal Code to file criminal charges against two individuals suspected of child trafficking. In addition, the Public Prosecutor’s Office launched five investigations against individuals suspected of child trafficking for sexual exploitation. During the reporting period, sentences issued to those convicted of crimes related the worst forms of child labor ranged from suspended sentences to 9 years in prison depending on the severity of the violation.