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Inside Turkey

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Best Lawyers In Turkey

Regarding The Regulation On Out Of Office Remote Or Distant Employment In Turkey

One of the exceptions to this was the establishment of the “Association for Evaluation and Accreditation of Engineering Programs” (MÜDEK), a non-governmental accreditation agency for engineering programs. As of 2014, Turkey had 104 state universities and 72 private foundation universities, as well as a number police and military academies, and eight self-standing post-secondary vocational institutes. Graduation rates are increasing at some advanced levels and decreasing at others.

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Until the middle of the nineteenth century, Turkish literature centered on the Ottoman court, which produced poetry and some prose. This literature represented a fusion of Persian, Arabic, and Turkish classical styles. Western influences were introduced in the 1860s by a group of intellectuals who attempted to combine Western cultural forms with a more simple form of the Turkish language. This westernizing trend continued throughout the nineteenth century and became more pronounced just before World War I. After 1923, the republic produced an impressive number of novelists, poets, singers, musicians, and artists.

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The murderer of B.Ü., a trans woman beaten to death in 2013, saw his prison sentence reduced from life to 18 years for ‘unjust provocation’ because his victim was trans. The courts tend to reduce the sentences of murderers by accepting their reasons to unjust provocation. LGBT groups and their rights are not denied by human rights organizations and human rights institutions of the state. One clear case of legal discrimination is the one found in army regulations which do not allow gay and transgender persons to enroll because their sexual orientation and gender identity are still considered as “psychosexual disorder”.

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As well as Turkish Airlines, flag carrier of Turkey since 1933, several other airlines operate in the country. During the October 2019 offensive into Syria, Turkish forces have been accused of war crimes, such as targeting civilians with white phosphorus and various other human rights violations. Turkey has officially rejected the claims, with the Minister of Defense Hulusi Akar stating that chemical weapons don’t exist in the inventory of the Turkish Armed Forces. Turkey has the second-largest standing military force in NATO, after the US Armed Forces, with an estimated strength of 495,000 deployable forces, according to a 2011 NATO estimate. Turkey is one of five NATO member states which are part of the nuclear sharing policy of the alliance, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, and the Netherlands.

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The policeman’s house was raided in 2009 when ‘evidence’ of his homosexuality led to an internal investigation and his eventual dismissal. The man sued the ministry before the 8thAdministrative Court and the Council of State, which ruled that the dismissal had been unjustified, but refused to cancel it. In a letter to the Council of State, the Ministry described the policeman’s actions as “disgraceful and shameful”, and argued hiring him again would erode public trust in the force. This can be accepted as a positive attitude towards transgender persons and it is the only regulation on transgender rights. Many psychologists and psychiatrists accept homosexuality and transsexuality as an illness and try to cure LGBT persons. No measures have been taken to ensure that the individual’s gender, gender identity, and sexual orientation are taken into consideration in order to provide effective health care services to LGBT persons.

The list below is non-exhaustive; it includes the main minority groups, irrespective of whether they self-identify as ‘minorities’, and non-conclusive information about each. The quantitative estimates below should be read with caution; they are mostly provided by the minorities themselves and are not confirmed by statistical research. Get local insights from Lisbon to Moscow with an unrivalled network of journalists Turkish staying permit across Europe, expert analysis, our dedicated ‘Brussels Briefing’ newsletter. Providing the resources of a large firm while maintaining the personalised service and cost-effectiveness of a small firm. Particularly, Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights and Article 22 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which recognise the right to freedom of association.

Law No. 5369 on Universal Services (Law No. 5369) stipulates the rules to promote access to telecom services in rural or under-served areas. Accordingly, operators that have a general authorisation, concession and authorisation agreement or a licence in the telecommunications sector are incumbent universal service providers. Pursuant to article 6 of Law No. 5809 on Electronic Communications (Law No. 5809), the ICTA is vested with inspecting breaches of competition in the electronic communications sector, imposing sanctions and taking the opinion of Competition Authority on issues regarding breach of competition. There is currently no distinct regulation regarding 4G, 4.5G and 5G mobile services. To be able to be granted a spectrum for 5G mobile services, companies have to participate in right of use tenders.

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It took place off Cape Sigri, in Mitylene, not within territorial waters but on the high seas. The Boz-Kourt was sunk and eight persons, sailors and passengers, were drowned. The officer of the watch on board the Lotus was Lieutenant Demons, and on the arrival of the Lotus at Constantinople, he was arrested by the Turkish authorities and put on his trial on charge of having committed an offence under Article 6 of the Turkish Penal Code. Secondly, there is the principle of the freedom of the high seas, including the application of the law of the flag which is its corollary. The fundamental consequence of their independence and sovereignty is that no municipal law, in the particular case under consideration no criminal law, can apply or have binding effect outside the national territory. In other words, on the contention that, under international law, every door is open unless it is closed by treaty or by established Custom.

Turkish law is applied for all marriage procedures of asylum-seekers, refugees and stateless persons to be conducted in Turkey. Under Turkish law, a Turkish national and an asylum-seeker, refugee or stateless person, or two asylum-seekers or refugees of different nationalities, can be married by the Turkish authorities. All marriages carried out by the Turkish authorities are subject to the Turkish Civil Code and related regulations. BCG Attorney Search — A legal recruitment firm that touts itself as the “premier law firm attorney placement company.” It averages more than one placement daily. These two databases, provided by Thomson Reuters and Martindale-Hubbell, are excellent for finding any lawyer’s contact and basic biographical information, as well as law firm profiles. Elci criticized the other participants of the program for being against the negotiation process between the Turkish government and the PKK.

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A non-resident who acquires property as inheritance or gifts owned abroad by a Turkish citizen is not subject to this law. However, a foreigner who is resident in Turkey is subject to the law if they inherit property within Turkey. “Will it monitor delays of complaints for every citizen, or only for the government? By law, this institution works under the jurisdiction of the government, and it would carry out any written order from it to block a web page when it has such a power,” Ahi said.

Applicants are not required to be reside or present in Turkey before or during citizenship process. Translation services to the client to ensure that the client understand the full spectrum of the property purchase process. Perform legal search on the title deed to ensure that the property is suitable for citizenship and available for transfer (by ensuring that the property is not encumbered by any encumbrances, lien, mortgage or other restriction etc. Purchase real estate investment fund share or shares of a venture capital investment fund with a value of minimum USD 500,000 with the condition to keep the shares for the following 3 years period. Purchase of one or more real estate with a total value of minimum USD 250,000 with condition not to sell the property within the following 3 years period.

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On the 5th of August, Lieutenant Demons was asked by the Turkish authority to go ashore to give evidence. After Demons was examined, he was placed under arrest without informing the French Consul-General and Hassan Bey. Demons were convicted by the Turkish courts for negligence conduct in allowing the accident to occur.

Even if the Court must hold that the Turkish authorities had seen fit to base the prosecution of Lieutenant Demons upon the above-mentioned Article 6, the question submitted to the Court is not whether that article is compatible with the principles of international law; it is more general. The Court is asked to state whether or not the principles of international law prevent Turkey from instituting criminal proceedings against Lieutenant Demons under Turkish law. Neither the conformity of Article 6 in itself with the principles of international law nor the application of that article by the Turkish authorities constitutes the point at issue ; it is the very fact of the institution of proceedings which is held by France to be contrary to those principles. Thus the French Government at once protested against his arrest, quite independently of the question as to what clause of her legislation was relied upon by Turkey to justify it. The constitution enumerates a long list of civil and political rights but subordinates them to considerations of “national security,” “national unity,” and “public morality.” It also allows the government to impose emergency rule or martial law. The constitution establishes a popularly elected single-chamber national assembly with full legislative powers, a prime minister and cabinet responsible to the national assembly, and a constitutional court with the power of judicial review.

Institutional CIRTs have been established in the bodies of public and private sector institutions and companies that run critical infrastructure and they are responsible for protecting their own systems. Sectoral CIRTs have been established in critical infrastructure sectors determined by the Cyber Security Board, which are transportation, energy, electronic communications, finance, water management, and critical governmental services. Among the local and foreign clients whom Odaman & Taşkın Law Firm provides service, there are individuals as well as globally known industrial companies and small-and medium scaled enterprises.

  • Secondary legislation establishing rules on the erasure, destruction, and anonymization of personal data, the Data Controllers Registry, and the operational rules of the DPA will take effect not later than 12 months after the date of publication.
  • So why does the government, which must be well aware of the “Streisand effect”, take such measures that harm its reputation?
  • Registration of designs out of Turkey does not provide legal protection in Turkey.
  • The lawyer was among the founding members of many human rights and non-governmental organizations.
  • The head of the Union of Turkish Bar Associations, Metin Feyzioglu, however, questioned whether the marching lawyers were motivated by the legislation or were instead targeting the judiciary, which critics say the government has harnessed in recent years to target political rivals.

Aside from farm labor, underage boys work in tea gardens as waiters, auto repair shops, and small wood and metal craft industries. Between the 1920s and 1970, the government distributed more than three million hectares of mostly state land to landless peasants. Although no comprehensive property surveys have been conducted, it is believed that most farm families own some land. According to the data in a 1980 agricultural census, 78 percent of farms had five hectares or less and together accounted for 60 percent of all farmland. Twenty-three percent of farms were between five and twenty hectares and accounted for 18 percent of all farmland. Fewer than 4 percent exceeded a hundred hectares, but they amounted to 15 percent of the farmland.

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Nuclear engineering education started in Turkey under the Istanbul Technical University Nuclear Energy Institute in 1961. In 2003, the NEI was restructured as the Energy Institute with a graduate programme on nuclear energy topics. ITU-EI has operated a TRIGA type training and research nuclear reactor with a power of 250 kW since the 1970s, mainly for educational purposes, academic research and training. TENMAK closely follows worldwide trends and progress in the field of nuclear reactor technologies and fuel cycles. Within context, previously TAEK participated actively in international cooperative activities related to nuclear energy. According to the decree law, TENMAK is assigned as the national radioactive waste management organization.

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Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from 2010 onwards, with a precipitous decline following the failed coup attempt on 15 July 2016. As of December 2016, at least 81 journalists were imprisoned in Turkey and more than 100 news outlets were closed. The media crackdowns also extend to Internet censorship with Wikipedia getting blocked between 29 April 2017 and 15 January 2020. Ottoman cuisine contains elements of Turkish, Byzantine, Balkan, Armenian, Kurdish, Arab and Persian cuisines. The country’s position between Europe, Asia, and the Mediterranean Sea helped the Turks in gaining complete control of the major trade routes, and an ideal landscape and climate allowed plants and animals to flourish. Turkish cuisine was well established by the mid-1400s, the beginning of the Ottoman Empire’s six hundred-year reign.

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Evidence supporting the fact that the registration was obtained in bad faith is required (e.g. the facts that you have a business relationship with the registered firm, that your trademark is well-know). Another law firm turkey important issue in terms of the Turkish Law is the Internet domain name “to be in a form to create commercial effect”. No trademark violation occurs in usages without personal and commercial purpose.

A similar billproposed by the government in 2011was shelved following mass street protests. This time, however, the government decided to go forward despite a similar reaction. TheEuropean Union, theCouncil of Europeand theUnited Nationshave expressed concern over the legislation, along with rights groups such asHuman Rights WatchandAmnesty International. “The AKP government, striving to restrict freedom in every domain, is stepping up its pressure on the Internet, which is becoming increasingly important in our daily lives,” CHP said in a statement.

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Law Firm Istanbul Turkey WiklundKurucuk is one of the best examples of modern and innovative legal style with the harmonious combination of classical and traditional law understanding. Moroglu Arsevenprovides clients with corporate and banking expertise, allowing it to act on both sides of restructuring mandates for both creditors and debtors in the case of loan restructurings, and for businesses and bank lenders in the case of corporate restructurings, distressed M&A and refinancings. The team is further supported by its disputes, tax, and employment practices, providing a broad offering to clients. Corporate, commercial, M&A, compliance, private equity, venture capital and angel investment.

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